HOW DOES AN OVULATION TEST WORK: STEP BY STEP

test-ovulacion

An ovulation test is used to detect a woman’s ovulation, the most fertile moment of her cycle. When we are looking for a pregnancy, specially with an assisted reproduction treatment, there are many factors that you must take into account. One of them is the menstrual cycle and, therefore, ovulation.

Most pregnancies are considered to be achieved through unprotected intercourse’s in the “fertility window”. A period that begins 3-6 days before ovulation and up to a day after it, which are considered the most fertile days. That is why it is important to have ovulation as a reference when looking for a pregnancy. Normally, in a regular cycle and with a duration of 28 days, this would occur between days 13 an 14. Although it must be taken to account that each body is different, since your situation could be having irregular cycles.

Currently there are two types of ovulation tests that help us specify which are the most fertile days. The first one of all, and perhaps the most popular, is digital. The other type is known as analogic.

If the ovulation tests are negative and you have been having unprotected intercourses for more than a year and the pregnancy has not arrived, it is time to ask for help from fertility specialists.

WHAT HAPPENS IF YOUR OVULATION TEST IS NEGATIVE?

As explained previously, the ovulation test indicates when ovulation happens, which is when the egg is most mature and is released from the ovary ready for fertilization.

It must be taken into account that the function of these ovulation tests is to detect the woman’s most fertile moment, the moment in which a sperm would be able to fertilize the oocyte. To do this, the increase in Luteinizing Hormone (LH) is measured using a urine sample. This hormone is normally at low levels and increases markedly just before ovulation.

Next we are going to explain how is the process to perform this type of test step by step:

  1. Taking the sample. In this case, it is through urine. You must pee on the test rods.
  2. Insert the rods so that the test measures the increase in Luteinizing Hormone (LH).
  3. Know the results in a matter of minutes.

 

UTILITY OF THE OVULATION TEST FOR AN ASSISTED REPODUCTION CLINIC

The ovulation test is very useful for an assisted reproduction clinic as it helps to schedule fertilization treatments. It is also an indication of the woman’s fertility who undergoes assisted reproduction treatment.

Fertility specialists take into account the so-called “useful life of the mature egg”, which lasts about 18 hours after ovulation. Therefore, it is counted only one day after the moment of ovulation.

This is very important for IVF treatment with fresh eggs. It is also crucial that the oocyte is mature, since only these can be fertilized. It is necessary that the oocytes are mature, either to do a fresh fertilization, or to freeze your eggs through vitrification.

Finally, ovulation tests are also indicative that a fertility problem may be occurring. As we remember in this post about the causes of infertility in women, one of the main causes of infertility is the absence of ovulation for long periods, called anovulation. In fact, according to data from MSD Salud, anovulation causes between 20% and 25% of cases of female infertility.

STEP BY STEP OF AN OVULATION TEST

As explained previously, the ovulation test indicates when ovulation happens, which is when the egg is most mature and is released from the ovary ready for fertilization.

It must be taken into account that the function of these ovulation tests is to detect the woman’s most fertile moment, the moment in which a sperm would be able to fertilize the oocyte. To do this, the increase in Luteinizing Hormone (LH) is measured using a urine sample. This hormone is normally at low levels and increases markedly just before ovulation.

Next we are going to explain how is the process to perform this type of test step by step:

  1. Taking the sample. In this case, it is through urine. You must pee on the test rods.
  2. Insert the rods so that the test measures the increase in Luteinizing Hormone (LH).
  3. Know the results in a matter of minutes.

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