In vitro fertilization is an assisted reproduction technique in which the egg and sperm are united in the laboratory, with the aim of forming embryos that can subsequently be transferred into the uterus, and in order to achieve pregnancy. There are two variants of this treatment, conventional IVF and ICSI, and both give high success rates, making IVF one of the best techniques for getting pregnant.
One of the things that our patients ask us about most are the possible symptoms that can be experienced after an embryo transfer. Therefore, in this post we will explain what an embryo transfer is, what are the most common symptoms post transfer, and how long they can last.
What happens in an embryo transfer?
One of the most important steps in in vitro fertilization is the embryo transfer. It is the last step in IVF before taking the pregnancy test, and it involves the best quality embryo being placed into the patient’s uterus using a catheter.
The procedure is simple, painless and does not required sedation. Additionally, before the transfer is performed the endometrium (uterus lining) will be prepared with hormonal medication. A series of ultrasound scans will be done to ensure the endometrium is of the correct thickness to be able to receive the embryo without problems.
Implantation symptoms following ivf treatment
The abdominal discomfort or bloating that can occur during the treatment does not stop the patient from carrying out her normal routine at any time. Some of the main symptoms following IVF embryo implantation are:
- Increased urge to urinate
- Light spotting or bleeding
- Tenderness and swelling of breasts and stomach
- Increased vaginal discharge
- Abdominal cramping or discomfort
What other symptoms can occur after embryo implantation?
There are some other symptoms that can be experienced after embryo implantation, such as:
- Liquid retention
- Sleep disturbances
- Lower back pain
These are the physical implantation symptoms that can be experienced after IVF but we mustn’t neglect the emotional aspects. The two week wait (TWW) following the transfer and before the pregnancy test can cause stress, anxiety and lead to low or bad moods. For this reason, it is a good idea to keep the mind occupied with activities to help stop obsessing over the upcoming result of the pregnancy test and worrying about the development of the embryo.
how long do implantation symptoms last for?
Once the embryo transfer procedure has been performed, the patient can carry on with her normal life, bearing in mind some recommendations from the doctor to prevent any risks to the possible pregnancy (avoid smoking, no intense physical activity, manage stress levels etc.).
Symptoms from IVF treatment usually occur in the first three days following implantation. Nevertheless, in many cases the patient doesn’t have any of the symptoms mentioned above, and the lack of symptoms is also normal and is not a cause for concern.
At Ovoclinic, we put a team of highly experienced IVF professionals at your disposal, who have achieved very high success rates with the treatment. If you are interested in this assisted reproduction technique or if you have any other questions then don’t hesitate to get in touch with us. We will be more than happy to help you and find you the best possible solution for your case.